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Insider’s Guide to the new Tax Law

//Insider’s Guide to the new Tax Law

This insider guide will give you an overview of the most important features of the new law which impacted individuals. The tax reform bills which were previously known as “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act” were approved by President Trump on December 22nd, 2017. It was referred to as the biggest legislative tax overhaul in the last 30 years. This act amends the individual tax bracket and marginal rate limit for most of the individual deduction which was previously allowed and changes the tax treatment of certain business income received by “pass-through” entity. Under the TCJA, the new standard deduction is double the earlier amounts. Moreover, tax reform has eliminated exemptions which taxpayer claim for their dependents and themselves.

Tax Rates

This law has introduced a new structure for taxes which was imposed with seven tax ranges. The highest rate was turned down from 39.6% to 37% and refer to the income which is taxable beyond $500,000 for single taxpayers and $600,000 for a wedded couple who file together. The tax which stayed unaffected is child’s tax by the parent’s tax condition or the unearned wages of any siblings. Given below is the tax rate structure for 2018-2025.

2017 2018-2025
10% 10%
15% 12%
25% 22%
28% 24%
33% 32%
35% 35%
39.6% 37%


Family Benefits

TCJA canceled dependent and personal exemption which would have been worth around $4,150 for each taxpayer, eligible dependent and spouse in 2018. In place of the personal exemption, this law increased the child tax credit and created a tax credit of $500 for dependents which are not eligible for the child tax credit. The child tax credit phased out beginning at an income of $110,000 (for wedded filing joint returns and $75,000 for singles).

Standard and Itemized Deductions

This law doubles the standard cut from $13,000 to $24,000 for wedded couples who file jointly, $6,500 to $12,000 for single filers, and $9,500 to $18,000 for household heads.

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